ROUTE SURVEY OF THE ACCESS ROAD TO IKOT EBAK VILLAGE, ESSIEN UDIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE
The construction of an effective road network is the primary concern of any developing country. The resurfacing of existing roads in the local, state and federal areas is vital for the developed countries, as the capacity of roads reached their optimum level with the pursing of time.
In order to develop road, certain professionals such as surveyors, engineers, quantity surveyors etc must pay great attention to the such activity. Rout survey which is at the centre of the knob is applied generally to surveys of narrow strips of land that stretches to long distances. Such survey are commonly undertaken for transportation system design such as roads, railways lines, water supply and surveyors lines, adequate oils and gas pipelines, transmission lines and so on.
In general, a route survey include the surveying of terrain for horizontal distances and elevation, calculation of earthquake laying out the project in position and preparing drawings for required profiles. Rout surveys, location survey and construction survey. A frequent task for he surveyor is to stake out the position of a transportation route. This is usually for a new street or highway, for long pipelines or for a power transmission line. The shape or geometry of any transportation route is called the alignment. This include the both it horizontal alignment (i.e. a plan view and its vertical alignment is also called the grade line.
A straight line section of a road or railway alignment is called a tangent. Naturally, as the horizontal or the vertical direction of the route changes.